Formations Lesson for Nov- 22- The Intercessor?
November 9 2009 by Victor Lyons, Academic Dean, Foothills Christian College, Wilkesboro; Pastor, Union Cross Baptist Church, Elkin

Focal Passage: 1 Kings 2:13-25

This lesson is a cautionary warning to advocacy and gives balance to last Sunday’s lesson. There is a time to be an advocate and there is a time to refuse the inappropriate request for advocacy.

Bathsheba has a difficult time distinguishing between appropriate and inappropriate advocacy.

Today’s passage easily divides into three parts: (1) the dialogue between Adonijah and Bathsheba (v. 13-18); (2) the dialogue between Bathsheba and King Solomon (v. 24); and (3) the death edict for Adonijah (v. 25) which is later followed by the banishment of the priest Abiathar (v. 27) and the death of the general Joab (v. 34). The end of chapter 2 states it succinctly: “So the kingdom was established in the hand of Solomon” (v. 46).

Adonijah makes a new move against Solomon but only after the death of King David (2:10-13).

Tragically a time of mourning becomes a time for posturing and maneuvering for power, a time of raw politics. Adonijah recruits Bathsheba as his advocate or intercessor before King Solomon.

In last week’s lesson, Nathan had recruited Bathsheba as an advocate. Adonijah’s request, however, does not come from God.

Adonijah is the “son of Haggith” while Bathsheba is the “mother of Solomon.” There is some sensitivity to the fact here are two women who were part of King David’s harem.

Bathsheba’s opening query, “Is this a friendly visit?” (v. 13, CEV) underlies the feeling of uneasiness about Adonijah’s presence.

However, his words that affirm the Lord’s involvement in Solomon becoming king persuade Bathsheba that he has changed. Adonijah even calls Solomon “my brother” (v. 15).

He requests that Abishag be given to him (a consolation prize for his loss of the kingdom even though “all Israel” had expected he to be king?). The language is one of property exchanging hands.

Bathsheba naively sees no threat in Adonijah’s words and approaches her son, King Solomon, with the request. He shows her great deference and public respect.

He rises to greet her, bows to her, orders that a seat be brought, and has her seated on his right (v. 19).

That she commands his love and respect is beyond dispute. She does, indeed, have enormous influence over her son. She asks permission to make a request, and using Adonijah’s words, she concludes, “Do not refuse me” (v. 16, 20). King Solomon responds with the words of a loving son, calling Bathsheba “my mother” and promising, “I will not refuse you” (v. 20).

However, Bathsheba’s request infuriates Solomon as he realizes that his mother does not understand the possible consequences of her request. Both Adonijah as well as any male child born of the union could lay claim to the throne.

11/9/2009 1:51:00 AM by Victor Lyons, Academic Dean, Foothills Christian College, Wilkesboro; Pastor, Union Cross Baptist Church, Elkin | with 0 comments

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